Journal Papers


 Jonathan Camargo Leyva, Will Flanagan, Noel Csomay-Shanklin, Bharat Kanwar, Aaron Young, “A New Machine Learning Strategy for Locomotion Classification and Parameter Estimation using Fusion of Wearable Sensors,” IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, accepted, March 2021. (DOI)

Krishan Bhakta, Jonathan Camargo Leyva, William Compton, Kinsey Herrin, Aaron Young, “Continuous Walking Speed Determination for Individuals with Transfemoral Amputation using a Powered Prosthetic Device,” IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters, accepted, March 2021.

Ben Shafer, Sasha Philius, Richard Nuckols, James McCall, Aaron Young, Greg Sawicki, “Neuromechanics and energetics of walking with an ankle exoskeleton using neuromuscular-model based control: a parameter study,” Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology, accepted, March 2021.

Dawit Lee, Inseung Kang, Dean D. Molinaro, Alexander Yu, Aaron Young, “Real-Time User-Independent Slope Prediction using Deep Learning for Modulation of Robotic Knee Exoskeleton Assistance,” IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters, accepted, February 2021. (DOI)

Inseung Kang, Dean Molinaro, Srijan Duggal, Yanrong Chen, Pratik Kunapuli, Aaron Young, “Real-time gait phase estimation for robotic hip exoskeleton control during multimodal locomotion,” IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters, accepted, February 2021. (DOI)

Jonathan Camargo Leyva, Aditya Ramanathan, Will Flanagan, Aaron Young, “A comprehensive, open-source dataset of lower limb biomechanics in multiple conditions of stairs, ramps, and level-ground ambulation and transitions,” Journal of Biomechanics, accepted, February 2021. (DOI)


Keaton Scherpereel, Nicholas Bolus, Hyeon Jeong, Omer Inan, Aaron Young, “Estimating Knee Joint Load Using Acoustic Emissions During Ambulation,” Annals of Biomechanical Engineering, 2020. (DOI)

Mobashir Shandhi, William Bartlett, Alex Heller, Mozziyar Etemadi, Aaron Young, Thomas Plotz, Omer Inan, “Estimation of Instantaneous Oxygen Uptake during Exercise and Daily Activities using a Wearable Cardio-Electromechanical and Environmental Sensor,” IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics, accepted for publication, 2020. (DOI)

Jonathan Camargo, Aditya Ramanathan, Aaron Young, “Automated Gap-Filling for Marker-Based Biomechanical Motion Capture Data,” Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering, accepted for publication, 2020. (DOI) (Code)

Nick Bolus, Hyeon Ki Jeong, Bradley Blaho, Mohsen Safaei, Aaron Young, Omer Inan, “Fit to Burst: Noninvasive estimation of Achilles tendon load using burst vibrations,” IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, in press, 2020. (DOI)

Krishan Bhakta, Jonathan Camargo Leyva, Luke Donovan, Kinsey Herrin, Aaron Young, “Machine Learning Model Comparisons of User Independent & Dependent Intent Recognition Systems for Powered Prostheses,” IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters, Volume 5, Issue 4, (2020) pp. 5393-5400. (DOI)

Dean Molinaro, Andrew King, Aaron Young, “Biomechanical Analysis of Common Solid Waste Collection Techniques Using OpenSim and an EMG-Assisted Solver,” Journal of Biomechanics, Volume 104, Issue 7 (2020) 109704. (DOI)

Dawit Lee, Eun Chan Kwak, Inseung Kang, Bailey McLain, Aaron Young, “Effects of Assistance during Early Stance Phase Using a Robotic Knee Orthosis on Energetics, Muscle Activity and Joint Mechanics during Incline and Decline Walking,” IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering, Volume 28, Issue 4 (2020) pp. 914-923. (DOI)

Greg Sawicki, Owen Beck, Inseung Kang, Aaron Young, “The Exoskeleton Expansion: Improving walking and running economy,” Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation, Volume 17, Issue 1 (2020) pp. 1-9. (DOI)

Aakash Bajpai, Justine Powell, Aaron Young, Ani Mazumdar, “Enhancing Physical Human Evasion of Moving Threats Using Tactile Cues,” IEEE Transactions on Haptics, Volume 13, Issue 1 (2020) pp. 32-37. (DOI) (Video)

Inseung Kang, Pratik Kunapuli, Aaron Young, “Real-Time Neural Network-Based Gait Phase Estimation using a Robotic Hip Exoskeleton,” IEEE Transactions on Medical Robotics & Bionics, Volume 2, Issue 1 (2020) pp. 28-37. (DOI)


Summer Lee, Claire Kilpatrick, Inseung Kang, Jeff Hsu, Lee Childers, Aaron Young, “Investigating the impact of the user interface for a powered hip orthosis on metabolic cost and user comfort: a preliminary study,” International Journal of Prosthetics and Orthotics, in press, 2019. (DOI)

Krishan Bhakta, Jonathan Camargo, Pratik Kunapuli, Lee Childers, Aaron Young, “Impedance control strategies for enhancing sloped and level walking capabilities for individuals with transfemoral amputation using a powered prosthesis,” MHSRS Supplement to Military Medicine Update, Volume 185, Issue Supplement 1, (2020), pp. 490-499. (DOI)

Jonathan Camargo Leyva, Aaron Young, “Feature selection and non-linear classifiers: effects on simultaneous motion recognition in upper limb,” IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering, Volume 27, Issue 4 (2019) pp. 743-750. (DOI)

Dan Ferris, Bryan Schlink, Aaron Young, “Robotics – Exoskeletons.” In R. Narayan (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Biomedical Engineering, Volume 2, pp. 645-651 (2019).

Inseung Kang, Hsiang Hsu, Aaron Young, “The effect of hip assistance levels on human energetic cost using robotic hip exoskeletons,” IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters, Volume 4, Issue 2 (2019) pp. 430-437. (DOI)


Aaron Young, Hannah Gannon, Daniel Ferris, “A Biomechanical Comparison of Proportional EMG Control to Biological Torque Control Using a Powered Hip Exoskeleton.” Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology, Volume 5, Issue 37 (2017) pp. 1-17. (DOI)

Aaron Young, Jessica Foss, Hannah Gannon, Daniel Ferris, “Influence of Power Delivery Timing on the Energetics and Biomechanics of Humans Wearing a Hip Exoskeleton.” Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology, Volume 5, Issue 4 (2017) pp. 1-11. (DOI)

Annie Simon, Kimberly Ingraham, John Spanias, Aaron Young, Levi Hargrove, “Delaying ambulation mode transition decisions improves accuracy of a flexible control system for powered knee-ankle prosthesis.” IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering, Volume 25, Issue 8 (2017) pp. 1164-1171. (DOI)

Aaron Young, Daniel Ferris, “State-of-the-art and Future Directions for Robotic Lower Limb Exoskeletons.” IEEE Transaction on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering – Special issue on Wearable Robotics for Motion Assistance and Rehabilitation, Volume 25, Issue 2 (2017) pp. 171-182. (DOI)